Reenactors call this pattern "Oseberg"silk. From the famous Oseberg ship grave, what's dendrochronological dating is the year 834. From here we know several silk fragments. One of them could be identified as a parallel to a find, what remained to us in a much better quality. This specific silk is now in the Museo Sacro in the Vatican. The literature dates this silk to the VII-VIIIth century.
From this we could reconstruct this famous silk for you, what was definitely used by the Vikings.
Silk fragment from Oseberg ship burial
The pattern is part of the famous Early Medieval pattern family: Bahram Gur hunter depictions. It originally came from a Byzantine workshop. The depicted scene comes from the Persian mythology, and reused by Byzantines as well. Silks with this motive are found all around Europe, the ones which elements could match as strong parallels to our current hunter pattern are usually dated to the VIII-Xth century.
So we would say that the most likely dating of our current silk is the IXth century, but it could be used for reconstructions from the VIII-Xth century.
Reconstructed silk pattern from Moshchevaya Balka
We know a high variety of finds of silk fabrics with the Bahram Gur hunt in Europe, all of which were used there for much more prestigious purposes. Some of the most significant finds of this kind:
RUSSIA, From the famous sites of Moshchevaya Balka and Nizhny Arkhyz in the Caucasus;
RUSSIA, From Xth century woman burial from Pskov among the textile finds we see an underdress and an apron, woven in blue tabby linen adorned with such horsearcher silk
The reconstructed textile from the garment from Pskov
GERMANY, The most complete of the surviving specimens (the closest to the fragments found in the Moshchevaya Balka, which served as the basis for their reconstruction) is the silk of St. Kunibert in the Basilica of St. Cunibert in Cologne;
ITALY, Two pieces are used in the golden altar of the Cathedral of San Ambrogio in Milan
CZECH REPUBLIC Two fragments decorating the binding of the famous hand-written Gospel from the 9th century from the library of Strahov Monastery in Prague.
FRANCE, Fragment in the treasury of the Saint-Calais Cathedral
FRANCE, Cushion of Saint Remy in the Basilica of Saint Remy in Reims. The relative chronology given by this find is interesting: The pillow of St. Remy was covered with one of the variants of silk of the 9th century with the so-called senmurvs, but as an inner stuffing a badly worn piece of silk with the of Bahram Gur hunter scene was used;
FRANCE, The small fragments that served as relics' vans were in Switzerland in the monastery treasury of Sonne (Sienna), in the cathedral of Sanetien in Sans in France and in the Kestner museum in Hanover.
VATICAN, Silk from the Museu Sacro. Here the frame, animals, hunting scene are also identical, but this time the hunters hunting without horses.
NORWAY, Silk fragments from the Oseberg ship burial also could be identified as parts of the Bahram Gur hunter silks.[caption id="attachment_4187" align="aligncenter" width="215"] Paralell to the hunter silk fragment found in Oseberg[/caption]
BONDE, N.; CHRISTENSEN, A. E. Dendrochronological dating of the Viking Age ship burials at Oseberg, Gokstad and Tune, Norway. In: Antiquity, 1993. v. Antiquity, 67, p. 575–583.
BRADDOCK CLARKE, S. E.; YAMANAKA KONDO, R. Byzantine Silk on the Silk Roads, Journeys between East and West, Past and Present. Great Britan: Bloomsbury, 2022.
CHRISTENSEN, A. E.; NOCKERT, M. Osebergfunnet Bind IV Tekstilene. Oslo: Universitetet i Oslo, Kulturhistorisk museum, 2006.
IERUSALIMSKAJA, A. A. Moshtcevaya Balka: An Unusual Archeological Site on the North Caucasian Silk Road. Saint Petersburg: The State Hermitage Museum, 2012.
VOLBACH, W. F. Early Decorative Textiles. Middlesex: Paul Hmlyn, 1966. 158 p.